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4-H Forestry project

March 4, 2015

FORESTRY 

One State Fair Entry per level
Level 1  Grades 3-5
Level 2  Grades 6-8
Level 3  Grades 9-12
Independent Study Grades 9-12

Create an exhibit that shows the public what you learned in the forestry project this year. Exhibits must be displayed horizontally, sized 22" x 28", mounted on a firm backing (foam- core board or other), and covered in clear plastic or other transparent material. Be sure to include a label with your name, grade, and county. Choose one of the topics listed below, appropriate for your grade in school, and use that topic for your exhibit title.

If you are exhibiting leaves, they should be free of any damage and if you choose to write their scientific names, they must be in either italics or underscored. (Note: scientific names are required for herbariums.) The Genus (first name) must have the first letter capitalized. The species (second name) has no capitalization.

It is recommended/suggested that all posters, notebooks, and display boards include a reference list indicating where information was obtained, giving credit to the original author, to complete the 4-H member’s exhibit. This reference list should/might include web site links, people and professionals interviewed, books, magazines, etc. It is recommended this reference list be attached to the back of a poster or display board, be the last page of a notebook, or included as part of the display visible to the public. A judge is not to discredit an exhibit for the manner in which references are listed or a lack thereof.

Level 1 Grades 3-5 (BU-8038, Follow the Path).
Display a poster based on one of the following activities:

♣  Leafing Out - comparisons (pp 6 & 7). Collect, dry and mount 6 different species of leaves
    showing leaf differences: one leaf with opposite arrangement and one with an alternate
    arrangement, two leaves with different leaf margins, a compound leaf, and simple leaf.
    Use the 50 Trees of Indiana book (4-H 15-80 or CD-FNR-3) as a reference and identify
    the leaves and group them under the titles of "arrangement," "leaf margins," and
    "compound or simple." Draw (or copy the picture) and label the parts of a leaf using the
    diagram from the manual (Level 1). Title your poster, Leafing Out - Leaf Differences.

♣  Leafing Out - collection (pp 6 & 7). Identify and exhibit leaves from 10 different trees that
    are listed in 50 Trees of Indiana book (4-H 15-80 or CD-FNR-3). List at least two unique
    characteristics of each tree. Title your poster, Leafing Out - Collection.

♣  Hold on Tight (pp 10 & 11), Dig up a small plant root system and display along with a
    drawing of the root system with the anchor, lateral, and feeder roots identified and the
    "Parts of a Tree" diagram (4-H 641B).

♣  Down in the Dirt (pp 20 & 21), collect roots from 3 different habitats: woods, near a creek,
    and in a pasture or prairie. (Note: do not use the habitats listed in your manual.) Display the
    roots along with the completed root test chart (copy or recreate) showing the color, size, and
    shape information. Include any unique features you noted.
 
♣  My Couch is a Tree? (pp 30 & 31), Use pictures (draw, cut from magazines, print, or take
    photographs) to show 10 things in and around your home that are made from wood.

♣  Fun in the Forest (pp 32 & 33), Visit a state park or forest, take your 50 Trees of Indiana
    book (4-H 15-80 or CD-FNR-3), diagram the trails you hiked, and list the types of trees
    you saw. Photographs of you hiking and some of the trees you saw will help tell your story.

Level 2: Grades 6-8 (BU-8039, Reach for the Canopy).
Display a poster based on one of the following activities:

♣  The Leaf Machine (pp 8 & 9), copy, draw, or find a picture of a cross-section of a leaf. Label
    the 7 parts. Give the chemical reaction for photosynthesis, defining the chemicals: CO2,
    H2O, O2, and C6H12O6. Be sure to balance your equation! There should be the same
    number of Carbon, Oxygen, and Hydrogen molecules on each side of the equal sign.
    You may need to ask an older (high school) 4-H member or science teacher for help. Draw
    the tree canopy, trunk, and roots (or use the tree diagram, 4-H 641B) and identify the
    crown, trunk (with the parts; heartwood, sapwood, cambium, and bark listed on the right),
    feeder roots, and anchor roots.

♣  My State's Forests (pp 14&15), use a map, draw, or find a picture of Indiana on the
    Internet (e.g., www.in.gov/ingisi/). Show where your home, your school, and your
    fairgrounds are located. Choose one of the following options to complete your
    poster: ♦ Show where Indiana's state forests are located. List a few facts about each.
    Visit a state forest and have someone take your picture by the sign, if possible. 

    ♦ Show where some state parks and state forests are located (5-15). List some facts
    about each one. Visit a state park or forest and have someone take your picture
    by the sign, if possible. 

♣  Someone Call a (Tree) Doctor and Stop Bugging Me (pp 22-25), Collect 10 samples of tree
    leaves, twigs, stems, or roots damaged by insects or disease and the fruiting body or
    disease that caused the damage. List information about the insect or disease and the
    species of tree that was affected. 

♣  Fire in the Forest (pp 26&27), explain the Fire Triangle and describe what happened during
    and after a famous forest fire. Drawings or pictures will help tell the tale.
 
♣  Growing Every Day (pp 30 & 31), Complete the table to calculate the volume of 5 large
    trees that you can find and measure in your county. Research to find out how to make and
    use a Tree Measuring Stick (FNR-4) and use that to calculate the volume of each tree.
    Explain why you think your results varied with the two methods of determining tree volume
    (the one in your 4-H manual or using a tree measuring stick).

♣  Tree Planting.  Plant 1-3 shade trees. Include information about the tree (or trees) you
    planted, why you chose the species you did, what are the benefits of this tree, and how 
    tall this tree (or trees) will be when mature. Explain why you chose the planning site that
    you did, where you found your planting information, what steps you followed, the hole size,
    care of your tree (watering and weed control), and any other information you can give.
    Include a picture of your tree (photo or drawing). Reference: FNR-FAQ-18-W.

Level 3: Grades 9-12 (BU-8040, Explore the Deep Woods).
Display a poster based on one of the following activities:

♣  A World of Forests (pp 16&17), indicate the 3 major forest biomes on a copy, drawing,
    or picture of the world. Complete the table given in the activity.

♣  City Trees (pp 20&21), complete the questions about Tree City (page 20). Show
    (draw or use pictures) some trees that are often used in city plantings and explain the
    benefits of these trees.

♣  Trim the Trees (pp 26&27), explain the 5 different kinds of tree pruning for urban trees.
    List some dos and donts of proper pruning.

♣  My Boss is a Tree (pp 34&35), list 5 jobs that require a knowledge of trees and forestry.
    Explain the training and education that is needed and what types of things you might be
    doing if you had this job.

♣  Tree Planting - Present a tree planting plan for at least 100 trees. Include the type of trees
    you planted, pictures, cost, method of planting, weeding, pruning your trees, and any
    additional information. Your exhibit must have a title, labels, backing, and plastic covering
    as required in the manual. Reference: FNR-FAQ- 18-W

♣  Herbarium Collection - Trees

    Collect 25 terminal twigs and at least two leaves, if space allows (only one compound leaf
    is required), from native forest trees. Mount the specimens on 11 1⁄2" x 16 1⁄2" paper.
    One leaf on the twig must be mounted to show the back side of the leaf. Label each sheet
    with the following: common name, scientific name, where collected, county where collected, 
    date collected, name of collector, and specimen number. Cover each specimen. There are
    no specific references given for these exhibits. Youth are encouraged to use Extension
    publications, the Internet, books, and forest specialists to develop these items.
    Note: Your herbarium collection must be accessible to the judges. Do not cover it under
    the plastic that covers your poster. You may want to attach a folder or other holder over
    your poster to hold the mounted, covered specimens.

♣  Herbarium Collection - Shrubs
    Collect 25 terminal twigs, with leaves attached, from native shrubs. Mount the specimens
    on 11 1⁄2" x 16 1⁄2" paper. One leaf on the twig must be mounted to show the back side of
    the leaf. Label each sheet with the following: common name, scientific name, where
    collected, county where collected, date collected, name of collector, and specimen number.
    Cover each specimen. Label specimens as specified in your manual and cover each
    specimen. There are no specific references given for these exhibits. Youth are encouraged
    to use Extension publications, the Internet, books, and forest specialists to develop these
    items.
    Note: Your herbarium collection must be accessible to the judges. Do not cover it under the
    plastic that covers your poster. You may want to attach a folder or other holder over your
    poster to hold the mounted, covered specimens.

Independent Study Level: Grades 9-12

♣  Advanced topic - Learn all you can about an Indiana or Eastern Deciduous forestry topic of
    your choice and present it on a poster. Include a short manuscript, pictures, graphs, and list
    the works cited to describe what you did and what you learned.
   Title your poster, "Advanced Forestry - Independent Study."

♣  Mentoring - Exhibit a poster that shows how you mentored a younger 4-H member. Include
    your planning, the time you spent, the challenges and advantages of mentoring, and how
    the experience might be useful in your life. Photographs and other documentation are
    encouraged.  Title your poster, "Forestry - Mentor." 

    There are no specific references given for these exhibits. Youth are encouraged to use
    Extension publications, the Internet, books, and forest specialists to develop these items.


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