Making the Master Mix Using Lard or Oil in the Master Mix Adapting Recipes for Use with the Master Mix Biscuits Muffins Griddle Cakes or Waffles Coffee Cake Gingerbread Dumplings Corn Bread Yellow Cake Orange Raisin Cake Apple Cake Chocolate Cake Blackberry Roll Caramel Dumplings Apple Crisp Topping Donut Muffins Baked Chocolate Pudding Steamed Fruit Pudding Drop Cookies Molasses Cookies Peanut Butter Cookies Chocolate Drop Cookies Oatmeal Cookies You May Want to Try These
THE MASTER MIX recipes are time savers and reputation builders. The siftings and measurings of the dry ingredients and the blending of the fat can be done at one time for a dozen bakings. The recipes are planned for "family size" and for two. The Mix will keep at least six weeks without refrigeration.
The Mix and recipes were developed and tested in the experimental cookery laboratory in the School of Home Economics at Purdue University. The experimental work was done by Lucy Goetz, Margaret Billings, Carlotta Hoadley and many other students. Recipe suggestions were given by Alice Redfield, Flossie Sunderlin and other homemakers. Rosemary Hostetler assisted in editing.
For 13 Cups For 29 Cups 9 cups sifted all-purpose flour 5 pounds flour or 10 cups sifted soft wheat or cake flour 1/3 cup double-acting baking 3/4 cup double acting baking powder powder 1 tablespoon salt 2 tablespoons + 1 teaspoon salt 1 teaspoon cream of tartar 2 1/4 teaspoons cream of tartar 1/4 cup sugar 1/2 cup sugar 2 cups shortening which does 4 1/2 cups shortening which does not require refrigeration not require refrigeration
Stir baking powder, salt, cream of tartar and sugar into flour. Sift together three times into a large mixing bowl or onto a large square of plain paper. Cut in shortening until Mix is consistency of corn meal. Store in covered containers at room temperature. To measure the Master Mix, pile it lightly into cup and level off with a spatula.
If the Master Mix is to be used largely for cakes and cookies, starting with a box of cake flour will save measuring the flour and will give better-textured products. For about 12 cups of Mix, use a box of cake flour (2 pounds), 1/3 cup baking powder, 1 tablespoon salt and 3/4 pound (1 3/4 cups) shortening.
Containers which are convenient for storing Master Mix are two-quart fruit jars, cottage cheese cartons, lard or potato chip cans and canisters. One user wrote that when making the Mix she stored it in measured portions, two cups in pint jars and three cups in quart jars, to save herself several measurings later.
If lard or oil is used as the shortening in the Master Mix recipe, a smaller amount of shortening should be used. This may be 1 2/3 cups lard or oil instead of 2 cups of other shortening or 1 5/6 pounds instead of 2 pounds (1/6 pound lard equals 1/3 cup).
If lard which requires refrigeration is used in the Master Mix recipe, the Mix should be refrigerated.
A change in the method of mixing cakes is suggested if lard or oil is used in the Master Mix recipe. Separate the yolks and whites of the eggs. Reserve about one-fourth of the sugar and beat it into the beaten egg whites to form a stiff meringue. Follow the other directions for cake mixing. Stir in the meringue until well blended as the last step in the mixing process.
The Master Mix can be used in many products which have similar basic proportions. Use the Master Mix instead of the flour, salt, baking powder and shortening. Two cups of Mix contain a little less than 1 1/2 cups of flour, about 2 teaspoons baking powder, 1/2 teaspoon salt and a little more than 1/4 cup shortening. Three cups of Mix contain about 2 cups of flour, 3 teaspoons baking powder, 3/4 teaspoon salt and a little less than 1/2 cup shortening.
A favorite recipe which contains about one-fifth as much shortening as flour by measure probably can be made using the Mix. In order to have proportions in the Mix that would be satisfactory for several types of baked products, the upper limit for shortening is approached in biscuits and muffins and the lower limit for cakes and cookies.
Although the lowest proportions of fat to flour used in making pastry approximates that in the Master Mix, pastry made from the Mix is not satisfactory. The baking powder in the Mix makes the pastry porous rather than flaky. However, by using only water with the Mix, one can make a type of pastry that can be used as a thin crust for meat pie or a deep dish fruit pie. It takes about one-eighth as much water as Mix for such pastry.
Family Size Just for Two Mix 3 cups 1 cup Milk 2/3 cup 1/4 cup Yield 18 2-inch 6 2-inch
Add milk to the Mix all at once, stirring 25 strokes. Knead 15 strokes on lightly floured board. Roll 1/2 inch thick. Cut. Bake on baking sheet in a hot oven (450F) 10 minutes.
Biscuit dough can be used in many ways. For variation grated cheese, chopped parsley, chives or herbs blended with the dough lend interest. This dough is rich enough for shortcake or for the top crust of a chicken or meat pie. It will serve as the dough for a meat roll--chopped meat bound together with gravy and spread over the dough, then rolled as a jelly roll and cut before baking. This can be served with gravy or with a cheese sauce.
The dough can be used as a covering in baked apple dumplings or for the dough for a fruit or pinwheel roll. It can be dropped on top of hot stewed fruit or berries and baked as a "cobbler."
Drop biscuits can be made from this recipe by increasing the milk to 1 cup for the family size recipe or to 1/3 cup for the "just for two" size recipe.
Family Size Just for Two Mix 3 cups 1 cup Sugar 2 tablespoons 1 tablespoon Milk 1 cup 1/3 cup Egg 1 1/2 or one yolk Yield 12 medium 6 small
Add sugar to the Mix. Combine milk and beaten egg. Add to the Mix. Stir until flour is just moistened (about 25 strokes). Bake in greased muffin pans in hot oven (425F) about 20 minutes.
Blueberry muffins can be made by adding a cup of drained blueberries to the family size recipe. Chopped dates, chopped nuts, chopped apples or chopped cranberries are good additions. Make oatmeal or bran muffins by substituting rolled oats or bran for 1/3 of the Mix. Nut or fruit bread may be made from the muffin recipe by adding 1/2 cup chopped nuts or 1 cup chopped dried apricots or prunes to the family size recipe and baking it in a loaf pan.
Family Size Just for Two Mix 3 cups 1 cup Milk 1 1/2 cups 1/2 cup Egg 1 1/2 or 1 yolk Yield 18 griddle cakes or 6 griddle cakes or 6 waffles 2 waffles
Stir the combined milk and beaten egg into the Mix until blended. Bake on hot griddle or in waffle iron.
The milk can be increased it a thinner griddle cake is desired. If the batter is thinner, the waffles require longer baking to make them crisp.
Family Size Just for Two Mix 2 1/4 cups 1 cup Sugar 1/3 cup 3 tablespoons Milk 1/3 cup 3 tablespoons Egg 1 1/2 or 1 yolk
Brown Sugar 1/2 cup 1/4 cup Butter 3 tablespoons 1 tablespoon Cinnamon 1/2 teaspoon 1/4 teaspoon Yield 8x8 cake 4x6 cake
Stir sugar into the Mix. Combine milk and beaten egg. Stir into the Mix until well blended (about one minute). Put into shallow greased pan. Spread or dot topping over batter and bake in a hot oven (400F) about 25 minutes.
The brown sugar mixture can be used as a filling instead of a topping. A date topping or filling can be used instead of the one given above. For a filling, spread about half of the batter on the pan, then a thin layer of filling and then the remaining batter. For the family size recipe, blend 1/2 cup brown sugar, 2 teaspoons cinnamon, 14 cup soft butter, 1/4 cup chopped nuts and 1/2 cup chopped dates. For the smaller recipe use 1/4 cup brown sugar, 1 teaspoon cinnamon, 2 tablespoons soft butter, 2 tablespoons chopped nuts and 14 cup chopped dates.
Family Size Just for Two Mix 2 cups 1 cup Sugar 1/4 cup 2 tablespoons Cinnamon 1/2 teaspoon 1/4 teaspoon Ginger 1/2 teaspoon 1/4 teaspoon Cloves 1/4 teaspoon 1/4 teaspoon Egg 1 1/2 or 1 yolk Molasses 1/2 cup 1/4 cup Water 1/2 cup 1/4 cup Yield 6x8 pan 4x6 pan
Stir sugar and spices into the Mix. Combine egg, molasses and water. Stir half the liquid into the Mix and beat two minutes. Stir in remaining liquid- and beat one minute. Bake in pan lined with waxed paper in a moderate oven (350F) about 40 minutes. Or bake in a waffle iron for gingerbread waffles. Gingerbread waffles can be topped with sweetened whipped cream and chopped bananas.
Family Size Just for Two Mix 3 cups 1 cup Milk 3/4 cup 1/4 cup Yield 12 medium 4 medium
Add milk to the Mix all at once, stirring about 30 strokes. Drop by tablespoon on top of boiling stew. Cover and boil gently 12 minutes without removing cover. These can be dropped as a topping on a meat or vegetable casserole and baked in a hot oven about 20 minutes.
Family Size Just for Two Mix 1 1/2 cups 3/4 cup Corn Meal 3/4 cup 1/3 cup Salt 1/2 teaspoon 1/4 teaspoon Sugar 2 tablespoons 1 tablespoon Milk 1 cup 1/2 cup Egg 1 1 Yield 8x10 pan 6x6 pan
Stir corn meal, salt and sugar into the Mix. Combine milk and beaten egg. Add to the Mix, stirring until blended. Bake in greased pan in a hot oven (400F) about 20 minutes, or bake as corn meal muffins. Corn bread can be used as a topping for a well-seasoned vegetable or meat pie.
If a dry corn bread is desired, use 3/4 cup milk for the family size or 1/3 cup for the smaller recipe.
Family Size Just for Two Mix 3 cups 1 1/2 cups Sugar 1 1/4 cups 2/3 cup Milk 1 cup 1/2 cup Eggs 2 1 Vanilla 1 teaspoon 1/2 teaspoon Yield Two 8-inch layers 8-inch layer
Stir sugar into the Mix. Combine milk, eggs and vanilla. Stir half of the liquid into the Mix and beat two minutes or use electric mixer for the same length of time at low speed. Scrape bowl occasionally. Add the remaining liquid and beat two minutes. Bake in pans lined with waxed paper in a moderate oven (375F) about 25 minutes.
This cake recipe can be used for "upside down" cake using sweetened pineapple, peaches, cherries, apricots or other fruits or berries. Mincemeat "upside down" cake is another good variation. Spices will change it to a spice cake.
Family Size Just for Two Mix 3 cups 1 1/2 cups Sugar 1 1/2 cups 3/4 cup Liquid Juice of 1 orange Juice of small orange and water to make and water to make 1 cup 1/2 cup Eggs 2 1 Chopped raisins 2/3 cup 1/3 cup Grated orange rind 1 1 Yield Two 9-inch layers 9-inch layer
Stir sugar into the Mix. Combine liquid and beaten eggs. Add half of the liquid to the Mix and beat two minutes or use electric mixer for the same length of time at low speed. Scrape bowl occasionally. Add remaining liquid, raisins and orange rind. Beat two minutes. Bake in pans lined with waxed paper in a moderate oven (375F) about 25 minutes.
The raisins can be omitted from the cake and added to the frosting.
Family Size Just for Two Mix 2 1/3 cups 1 1/4 cups Sugar (brown) 1 cup 1/2 cup Cinnamon 1 teaspoon 1/2 teaspoon Cloves 1/2 teaspoon 1/4 teaspoon Eggs 2 1 Apples (chopped) 2 cups 1 cup Raisins 1/2 cup 1/4 cup Nut meats (chopped) 1/2 cup 1/4 cup Yield 6x8 pan 4x6 pan
Add sugar, spices and eggs to the Mix. Beat one minute. Add apples. Beat two minutes. Stir in raisins and nuts. Pour into greased pan. Bake in a moderate oven (375F) about 35 minutes. If a more moist cake is desired, add 1/3 cup milk for the family size recipe and 2 tablespoons milk for the small size recipe.
Family Size Just for Two Mix 3 cups 1 1/2 cups Cocoa 1/2 cup 1/4 cup Sugar 1 1/2 cups 3/4 cup Milk 1 1/4 cups 2/3 cup Eggs 2 1 Vanilla 1 teaspoon 1/2 teaspoon Yield Two 9-inch layers 9-inch layer
Add cocoa to the sugar and stir into the Mix. Combine milk, eggs and vanilla. Stir half of the liquid into the Mix and beat two minutes or use electric mixer for the same length of time at low speed. Scrape bowl occasionally. Add the remaining liquid and beat two minutes. Bake in pans lined with waxed paper in a moderate oven (375F) about 25 minutes.
Chocolate cake batter can be baked in a waffle iron and served cold with ice cream or whipped cream.
Family Size Just for Two Mix 2 cups 2/3 cup Water 1/4 cup 4 teaspoons Blackberries 1 1/2 cups 2/3 cup Sugar 1/4 cup 2 tablespoons Flour 1 tablespoon 1 teaspoon Yield 6 servings 2 servings
Add water by sprinkling it over the Mix. Stir with a fork to blend. Roll as for pastry into an oblong piece about 1/4 inch thick. Mix blackberries with sugar and flour. Spread them over the pastry to within an inch on all sides. Roll up like a jelly roll and tuck in the ends. Place on baking sheet. Bake in a moderate oven (375F) until lightly browned (about 35 minutes). Serve hot.
Caramel Sauce Family Size Just for Two Butter 2 tablespoons 1 tablespoon Brown sugar 1 1/2 cups 1/2 cup Water 1 1/2 cups 2/3 cup Dumplings Mix 1 1/2 cups 1/2 cup Sugar 1/3 cup 2 tablespoons Milk 1/3 cup 2 tablespoons Yield 6 medium 2 medium
Combine ingredients for caramel sauce. Heat to boiling. Stir sugar into Mix. Add milk all at once, stirring about 30 strokes. Drop by tablespoon on top of boiling caramel sauce. Cover and boil gently for 20 minutes without removing cover.
This dumpling recipe can be used with a sweetened fruit or berry syrup instead of caramel sauce.
Family Size Just for Two Mix 1 cup 1/3 cup Sugar 3/4 cup 1/4 cup Egg 1 1-yolk Yield 8-inch casserole 4-inch casserole
Stir sugar into the Mix. Add beaten egg and stir until blended. Spread over prepared fruit in a casserole. Bake at 350F for about 30 minutes. This can be used as a topping for sweetened apple, peach, rhubarb or other fruit.
Family Size Just for Two Mix 2 cups 1 cup Sugar 2 tablespoons 1 tablespoon Milk 1/3 cup 3 tablespoons Egg 1 1 yolk
Butter (melted) 1/2 cup 1/4 cup Sugar 1/2 cup 1/4 cup Cinnamon 1 teaspoon 1/2 teaspoon Yield 18 small 9 small
Stir sugar into the Mix. Combine milk and beaten egg. Stir into the Mix until well blended. Bake in small, well greased muffin tins in a hot oven (400F) 20 minutes. Dip one at a time into melted butter. Remove quickly and shake in a sack containing the sugar and cinnamon. Serve hot.
For variety, add 3 tablespoons cocoa to the Mix used in the family size recipe.
Family Size Just for Two Mix 1 cup 1/2 cup Sugar 1/3 cup 3 tablespoons Cocoa 4 teaspoons 2 teaspoons Cinnamon 1/4 teaspoon 1/8 teaspoon Nut meats (chopped) 1/2 cup 1/4 cup Milk 1/3 cup 3 tablespoons
Sugar (brown) 1/2 cup 1/4 cup Cocoa 3 tablespoons 1 1/2 tablespoons Water 1 1/4 cups 2/3 cup Yield 6x8 pan 4x6 pan
Stir sugar, cocoa, cinnamon, nuts and milk into the Mix. Beat for three minutes. Spread in pan. For topping, combine brown sugar and cocoa. Sprinkle over batter in pan. Bring water to boiling point. Pour over the contents of the pan. Bake in a moderate oven (350F) 40 to 45 minutes. Serve with chocolate sauce that forms beneath it. Use cream or whipped cream if desired. If served cold, it combines well with ice cream.
Family Size Just for Two Mix 2 cups 3/4 cup Sugar 1/3 cup 2 tablespoons Milk 1/2 cup 3 tablespoons Fruit 1/2 cup 1/4 cup Yield 6-inch casserole 2 ramekins
Stir sugar into the Mix. Stir in the milk and the chopped fruits or berries until blended. Pour into a greased casserole or pan or into ramekins. Steam over water in a covered pan for 30 minutes. Serve hot with top milk or cream and sugar.
Family Size Just for Two Mix 3 cups 2 cups Sugar 1 cup 2/3 cup Milk 1/3 cup 1/4 cup Egg 1 1 Vanilla 1 teaspoon 1/2 teaspoon Variations: 1/2 cup chocolate 1/3 cup chocolate chunks or chunks or 1/2 cup chopped 1/3 cup chopped nut meats or nut meats or 1/2 cup raisins or 1/3 cup raisins or 1/2 cup dates or 1/3 cup dates or 1 tablespoon orange 2 teaspoons orange rind and 1/2 cup rind and 1/3 cup raisins (omit raisins (omit vanilla) vanilla) Molasses instead of Molasses instead of milk. Add 1/8 milk. Add 1/16 teaspoon mace teaspoon mace Yield 4 dozen 2 1/2 dozen
Stir sugar into the Mix. Combine milk, beaten egg and vanilla. Stir into the Mix until well blended. Drop by teaspoon on greased baking sheet. Bake in a moderate oven (375F) 10 to 12 minutes.
To make dough for rolled cookies instead of drop cookies omit the milk and use two eggs instead of one. Tightly packed brown sugar can be used in place of white.
Family Size Just for Two Mix 4 cups 2 cups Sugar 1/2 cup 1/4cup Cinnamon 1 teaspoon 1/2 teaspoon Ginger 1 teaspoon 1/2 teaspoon Cloves 1/2 teaspoon 1/4 teaspoon Egg 1 1 yolk Molasses 1 cup 1/2 cup Yield 5 dozen 2 1/2 dozen
Stir sugar and spices into the Mix. Combine beaten egg with molasses and add to the Mix. Blend well, chill, shape into balls and roll in sugar. Flatten on greased baking sheet and bake in a moderate oven (375F) 10 to 12 minutes.
Ginger snaps can be made by using 2 1/4 cups Mix with 3/4 cup sugar, 1 egg, 1/4 cup molasses and 1 teaspoon ginger.
Family Size Just for Two Mix 3 1/2 cups 1 3/4 cups Sugar 1 1/3 cups 2/3 cup Eggs 2 1 Peanut Butter 1 cup 1/2 cup Yield 6 dozen 3 dozen
Stir sugar, beaten egg and peanut butter into the Mix until well blended. The finger tips may be used to aid in kneading and blending. Roll dough into small balls, place on baking sheet and flatten with a fork, making a criss cross. Bake in a moderate oven (375F) about 20 minutes.
Family Size Just for Two Mix 3 cups 2 cups Sugar 1 cup 2/3 cup Cocoa 1/3 cup 1/4 cup Milk 1/2 cup 1/3 cup Egg 1 1 Vanilla 1 teaspoon 1/2 teaspoon Yield 4 dozen 2 1/2 dozen
Stir sugar and cocoa into the Mix. Combine milk, beaten egg and vanilla. Stir into the Mix until well blended. Drop by teaspoon on greased baking sheet. Bake in moderate oven (350F) 10 to 12 minutes.
Raisins, nuts, chopped dates or chocolate chunks can be stirred into the batter.
Brownies can be made by using 3/4 cup mix; 1 cup sugar; 2 squares chocolate; 3 tablespoons melted butter; 2 eggs and 1 cup chopped nut meats. Bake in greased 8 x 8 pan in a moderate oven (350F) about 30 minutes. Cut while warm.
Family Size Just for Two Mix 2 1/4 cups 3/4 cup Sugar (brown) 1 3/4 cups 1/2 cup Cinnamon 1 teaspoon 1/4 teaspoon Milk 1/3 cup 2 tablespoons Eggs 2 1 small Shortening (melted) 1/2 cup 3 tablespoons Nut meats (chopped) 1/2 cup 3 tablespoons Rolled oats (quick) 3 cups 1 cup Yield 6 dozen 2 dozen
Stir sugar and cinnamon into the Mix. Combine milk, beaten egg and shortening. Stir into the Mix until well blended. Stir in the rolled oats and nuts. Drop by teaspoon on baking sheet. Bake in a moderate oven (375F) about 12 minutes.
This dough can be used for filled fruit bars, using a filling of ground dates or raisins moistened with lemon juice.
Many puddings similar to the baked chocolate pudding can be made. The cake batter is put into an ungreased pan. The topping can consist of brown sugar, chopped nuts and water; or of a sweetened berry sauce; or of a caramel or maple syrup. The topping will sink to the bottom as the cake bakes. Yellow or white cake batter can be used instead of chocolate.
The cake batter can be steamed about 30 minutes in custard cups for steamed pudding.
Three egg whites or five egg yolks can be used in the yellow cake recipe to make a white or a gold cake.
Non-fat dry milk solids can be added to the Mix. Use 1 cup of the non-fat dry milk solids in the smaller Mix recipe or 2 cups in the larger one. Then use water instead of milk in the recipes if you wish. Or milk can be used to further increase the food value.
For cheese balls mix 2 tablespoons margarine or butter, 1/8 teaspoon cayenne, and 1 1/2 cups grated cheese with 1 cup of Master Mix. Blend well, with beater or by kneading. Form into 24 small balls. Bake on a baking sheet in a moderate oven (375F) about 15 minutes.
* Written by Gertrude Sunderlin, former professor of foods and nutrition.
Cooperative Extension Work in Agriculture and Home Economics, State of Indiana, Purdue University and U.S. Department of Agriculture Cooperating. H.A. Wadsworth, Director, West Lafayette, IN. Issued in furtherance of the Acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914. It is the policy of the Cooperative Extension Service of Purdue University that all persons shall have equal opportunity and access to our programs and facilities.