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Forestry

November 13, 2019

 

 

 

 Project leaders: Stephanie & Barney Johnson

                           219-866-4601

Project Rules:

  1. ALLcompleted manuals/activity books must be turned in to the 4‑H Club leader by July 8, and must be securely attached in the green “Indiana 4‑H Club Member's Record Book.”
  2. If any part of your exhibit is on a poster, it must follow the poster rules stated in the front of this Insight book.  It is REQUIRED that all posters, notebooks, and display boards include a reference list indicating where information was obtained, giving credit to the original author, to complete the 4-H member’s exhibit. This reference list should/might include website links, people and professionals interviewed, books, magazines, etc. It is recommended this reference list be attached to the back of a poster or display board, be the last page of a notebook, or included as a part of the display visible to the public. A judge is not to discredit an exhibit for the manner in which references are listed.                  
  3. Choose one of the topics listed below, appropriate for your grade in school, and use that topic for your exhibit title.
  4. If you are exhibiting leaves, they should be free of any damage. If you choose to write scientific names, they must be in either italics or underscored. (Note: scientific names are required for herbariums.)The Genus (first name) must have the first letter capitalized. The species (second name) has no capitalization
  5. Use label as suggested in manual. NOTE: Do exactly what the manual requires. You may be penalized for doing more.

 

 Forestry 1 – Follow the Path (Grades 3-5) - 1 State Fair Entry

Exhibit: Choose a different unit from those listed below each year you are in this project.

Leafing Out - comparisons (pp 6 & 7). Collect, dry and mount 6 different species of leaves showing leaf differences: one leaf with opposite leaf arrangement and one with an alternate arrangement, 2 leaves with different leaf margins, a compound leaf and simple leaf. Use the 50 Trees of Indiana book (4-H 15-80 or CD-FNR-3) as a reference and identify the leaves and group them under the titles of "arrangement," "leaf margins," and "compound or simple." Draw (or copy the picture) and label the parts of a leaf using the diagram from the manual. Title your poster, Leafing Out – Leaf Differences.

Leafing Out - collection(pp 6 & 7). Identify and exhibit leaves from 10 different trees that are listed in 50 Trees of Indiana book (4-H 15-80 or CD-FNR-3). List at least two unique characteristics of each tree. Title your poster, Leafing Out – Collection

Hold on Tight(pp 10 & 11). Dig up a small plant root system and display along with a drawing of the root system with the anchor, lateral, and feeder roots identified and the "Parts of a Tree" diagram (4-H 641B).

Down in the Dirt(pp 20 & 21). collect roots from 3 different habitats: woods, near a creek, and in a pasture or prairie. (Note: do not use the habitats listed in your manual.) Display the roots along with the completed root test chart (copy or recreate) showing the color, size, and shape information. Include any unique features you noted.

My Couch is a Tree?(pp 30 & 31). Use pictures (draw, cut from magazines, print, or take photographs) to show 10 things in and around your home that are made from wood.

Fun in the Forest(pp 32 & 33). Visit a state forest, take your 50 Trees of Indiana book (4-H 15-80 or CD-FNR-3), diagram the trails you hiked, and list the types of trees you saw. Photographs of you hiking and some of the trees you saw will help tell your story.

 

Forestry 2 – Reach for the Canopy (Grades 6 - 8) - 1 State Fair Entry

Exhibit: Display a poster based on one of the following activities.
           Choose a different unit from those listed below each year
           you are in a project.

The Leaf Machine (pp 8 & 9). Copy, draw, or find a picture of a cross-section of a leaf. Label the 7 parts. Give the chemical reaction for photosynthesis, defining the chemicals: CO2, H2O, O2, and C6H12O6. Be sure to balance your equation! There should be the same number of Carbon, Oxygen and Hydrogen molecules on each side of the equal sign. You may need to ask an older (high school) 4-H member or science teacher for helpDraw the tree canopy, trunk, and roots (or use the tree diagram, 4-H 641B) and identify the crown, trunk (with the parts; heartwood, sapwood, cambium, and bark listed), feeder roots, and anchor roots. .

My State's Forests(pp 14&15). Use a map, draw, or find a picture of Indiana on the Internet (e.g., http://www.igic.org/). Show where your home, your school, your fairgrounds are located. Choose one of the following options to complete your poster.

Someone Call a (Tree) Doctor and Stop Bugging Me(pp 22-25). Collect 10 samples of tree leaves, twigs, stems, or roots damaged by insects or disease and the fruiting body or disease that caused the damage. List information about the insect or disease and the species of tree that was affected.

Fire in the Forest (pp 26&27). Explain the Fire Triangle and describe what happened during and after a famous forest fire. Drawings or pictures will help tell the tale.

Growing Every Day (pp 30 & 31). Complete the table to calculate the volume of 5 large trees that you can find and measure in your county. Research to find out how to make and use a Tree Measuring Stick (FNR-4) and use that to calculate the volume of each tree. . Explain why you think your results varied with the two methods of determining tree volume (the one in your 4-H manual or using a tree measuring stick.)

Tree Planting. Plant 1-3 shade trees. Include information about the tree (or trees) you planted, why you chose the species you did, what are the benefits of this tree, and how tall this tree (or trees) will be when mature. Explain why you chose the planning site that you did, where you found your planting information, what steps you followed, the hole size, care of your tree (watering and weed control), and any other information you can give. Include a picture of your tree (photo or drawing). Reference: FNR-FAQ-18-W.

 

Forestry 3 – Explore the Deep Woods (Grades 9 and up) - 1 State Fair Entry

Exhibit: Display a poster based on one of the following activities.
           Choose a different unit from those listed below for each
           year. A World of Forests (pp 16&17), indicate the 3 major
           forest biomes on a copy, drawing, or picture of the world.

           Complete the table given in the activity.

City Trees (pp 20&21). Complete the questions about Tree City (page 20). Show (draw or use pictures) some trees that are often used in city plantings and explain the benefits of these trees.

Trim the Trees (pp 26&27). Explain the 5 different kinds of tree pruning for urban trees. List some dos and don'ts of proper pruning.

My Boss is a Tree (pp 34&35). List 5 jobs that require a knowledge of trees and forestry. Explain the training and education that is needed and what types of things you might be doing if you had this job.

Tree Planting - Present a tree planting plan for at least 100 trees. Include the type of trees you planted, pictures, cost, method of planting, weeding, pruning your trees, and any additional information. Your exhibit must have a title, labels, backing, and plastic covering as required in the manual. Reference: FNR-FAQ-18-W

Herbarium Collection - Trees - Collect 25 terminal twigs and at least two leaves, if space allows (only one compound leaf is required), from native forest trees. Mount the specimens on 11½" x 16½" paper. One leaf on the twig must be mounted to show the back side of the leaf. Label each sheet with the following: common name, scientific name, where collected, county where collected, date collected, name of collector, and specimen number. Cover each specimen. There are no specific references given for these exhibits. Youth are encouraged to use Extension publications, the Internet, books, and forest specialists to develop these items.

** See Note below**

Herbarium Collection – Shrubs - Collect 25 terminal twigs, with leaves attached, from native shrubs. Mount the specimens on 11½" x 16½" paper. One leaf on the twig must be mounted to show the back side of the leaf. Label each sheet with the following: common name, scientific name, where collected, county where collected, date collected, name of collector, and specimen number. Cover each specimen. There are no specific references given for these exhibits. Youth are encouraged to use Extension publications, the Internet, books, and forest specialists to develop these items. 

**Note**: Your herbarium collection must be accessible to the judges. Do not cover it under the plastic that covers your poster. You may want to attach a folder or other holder over your poster to hold the mounted, covered specimens.

 

 Independent Study (Grades 9 and up) - 1 State Fair entry

 

 Click Here for more helpful information about the 4-H Forestry Project

 

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