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Gender Development--Sources
Authors: Jodi Putnam with Judith A. Myers-Walls and Dee Love

Barasch, D. S. (1999, February). Every step they take: How a child develops through the years. Family Life, 50-51.

Boston, M. B., & Levy, G. D. (1991). Changes and differences in preschoolers’ understanding of gender scripts. Cognitive
     Development, 6
(4), 417-432.

Bussey, K., & Bandura, A. (1999). Social cognitive theory of gender development and differentiation. Psychological Review,
(4), 676-713.

Caldera, Y. M. (1998, November). Parent-toddler play with feminine toys: Are all dolls the same? [Electronic version] Sex
     Roles: A Journal of Research.

DeBord, K. (1996, May). Mary had a little lamb, Bobby had a baby goat. Child Care Connections, 2(1).  Retrieved June 2003

Fagot, B. I. (1995). Psychosocial and cognitive determinants of early gender-role development. Annual Review of Sex
     Research, VI,

Fagot, B. I., & Leinbach, M. D. (1993). Gender-role development in young children: From discrimination to labeling.
     Developmental Review, 13(2), 205-224.

Frable, D. E. S. (1997). Gender, racial, ethnic, sexual, and class identities. Annual Review of Psychology, 48, 139-162.

Jovanovic, J., and Dreves, C. (1995). Math, science, and girls: Can we close the gender gap? School-age Connections, 5(2).
      Retrieved June 2003 from

Kantrowitz, B., and Kalb, C. (1998, May 11). Boys will be boys. Newsweek, 55-63.

Kuhn, D., Nash, S. C., & Brucken, L. (1978). Sex role concepts of two- and three-year-olds. Child Development, 49(2), 445-

Levy, G. D. (1989). Relations among aspects of children’s social environments, gender schematization, gender role
     knowledge, and flexibility. Sex Roles, 21(11/12), 803-823.

Levy, G. D. (1998). Effects of gender constancy and figure’s height and sex on young children’s gender-typed attributions.
     The Journal of General Psychology
, 125(1), 65-88.

Levy, G. D., Barth, J. M., & Zimmerman, B. J. (1998). Associations among cognitive and behavioral aspects of preschoolers’
     gender role development. The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 159(1), 121-126.

Levy, G. D., & Boston, M. B. (1994). Preschoolers’ recall of own-sex and other-sex gender scripts. The Journal of Genetic
     Psychology, 155
(3), 369-371.

Levy, G. D., & Fivush, R. (1993). Scripts and gender: A new approach for examining gender-role development. Developmental
     Review, 13
(2), 126-146.

Levy, G. D., Taylor, M. G., & Gelman, S. A. (1995). Traditional and evaluative aspects of flexibility in gender roles, social
     conventions, moral rules, and physical laws. Child Development, 66(2), 515-531.

Smith, C. A. (1982). Promoting the Social Development of Young Children. Kansas State University: Mayfield.

Turner, P. J., & Gervai, J. (1995). A multidimensional study of gender-typing in preschool children and their parents:
     Personality, attitudes, preferences, behavior, and cultural differences. Developmental Psychology, 31(5), 759-772.

Witt, S. D. (1997). Parental influence on children’s socialization to gender roles. Adolescence, 32(126), 253-259.

For more information, contact Judith A. Myers-Walls, PhD, CFLE at

Please feel free to link to, print off, redistribute, or reprint
  any of these materials as long as the original credits remain intact.

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