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Poultry/Turkey/Waterfowl

November 13, 2019
Poultry

4-H Poultry/Turkey/Waterfowl

Revised 12.11.18

The 4-H Poultry Project provides youth a fun and hands-on learning experience that develops life skills, as well as teaches valuable information about properly caring for their birds. Subjects such as general care, nutrition housing, and health care are presented in the curricular materials through workshops and activities such as poultry judging, and in preparation of an exhibit. Youth also have the opportunity to develop responsibility, decision-making, nurturing, and communication skills through active participation in the 4-H Poultry Project.

 

Project Leader & Barn Superintendents: Lillian & Jerry Tolley

Assistant Superintendent: Janet Alter

 

4-H POULTRY SHOW OVERVIEW

  1. Exhibition Poultry Show (single birds)
  1. Commercial Poultry Show (pairs of birds), Miscellaneous Birds and Wild fowl (game birds, pheasant, quail, etc.), Egg Class
  1. Turkey Show
  1. Waterfowl Show
  1. More detailed instructions are listed under specific poultry project rules below

 

4-H POULTRY

LEVEL 1 - SCRATCHING THE SURFACE (grades 3-5). Choose one or more of the following:

 

LEVEL 2 - TESTING YOUR WINGS (grades 6-8). Choose one or more of the following:

 

LEVEL 3 - FLOCKING TOGETHER (grades 9-12). Choose one or more of the following:

 

General Rules:

  1. Members must enroll in the Poultry project by May 15. See 4-H General Rules for information on manual completion requirements.
  2. Broiler and roaster classes shall consist of crossbreed and hybrid birds only.( the birds should match as much as possible) Egg production classes may consist of exhibition birds, crossbreed or hybrid birds.  Please note egg production classes shall consist of two birds near same type size and earlobe color. (The birds should match as much as possible) Both birds should be in full egg production
  3. All birds, except Waterfowl, must be blood tested or have an NPIP certificate. Blood testing must be done by project superintendents or another certified tester approved by the 4-H Council. All birds or NPIP certificates must be brought to the fairgrounds or Extension Office on date designated by Superintendent.
  4. Broilers and Roasters must have NPIP certificates. NPIP certificates must be submitted to Extension Office or brought with birds at check-in day.
  5. Those missing the blood testing, without making prior arrangements with the superintendent, will have their exhibit dropped - NO EXCEPTIONS!

 

Poster Rules:

  1. Posters must follow 4-H General Poster Rules. It is required that all posters, notebooks, and display boards include a reference list indicating where information was obtained, giving credit to the original author, to complete the 4-H member’s exhibit. This reference list should/might include website links, people and professionals interviewed, books, magazines, etc. It is recommended this reference list be attached to the back of a poster or display board, be the last page of a notebook, or included as a part of the display visible to the public. A judge is not to discredit an exhibit for the manner in which references are listed.
  2. Posters and Poultry Science Project displays: “Develop an idea and build it into an attractive display as well as learn the technical aspect of some part of the poultry industry.”
  3. Posters are to be 22"x28" and displayed horizontal, but a 2-dimensional exhibit is preferred for poultry science projects. Poultry science displays must occupy a space no larger than 30" deep x 48" wide x 72" high.
  4. Display Boards are no longer an option.

Exhibition Poultry Rules (standard and bantam birds):

  1. Each exhibitor must provide his or her own feed. Birds must be fed, and cages must be cleaned each day.
  2. Standard (the large breed) birds; any entry not found in classes 1-5 will be entered in class 6 All other varieties. Which is; Any variety not listed in class 1-5 or found in the American Standard of Perfection. Furthermore,Bantam (the small breed) birds; any entry not found in classes 7-11 will be entered in class 12. All other varieties. Which is; Any variety not listed or not found in the American Bantam Standard of Perfection
  3. Each exhibitor is limited to a total of 10 birds (standard + bantam).
  4. Each exhibitor may bring one of each type per class a type refers to the age and sex of birds, a class refers to the “American Standard of Perfection” poultry classes - or all other varieties class. Exhibition types and classes are further described at the end of this section. See examples of these rules described below.
  5. All birds, except Waterfowl, must be blood tested or have an NPIP certificate. Blood testing must be done by project superintendents or another certified tester approved by the 4-H Council. All birds or NPIP certificates must be brought to the fairgrounds or Extension Office on date designated by Superintendent.
  6. Those missing the blood testing, without making prior arrangements with the superintendent, will have their exhibit dropped - NO EXCEPTIONS!

 

Description of Exhibition PoultryTypes:

 

Standard Exhibition Poultry Classes:

  1. American - Plymouth Rock, Dominiques, Wyandottes, Javas, Rhode Island Reds, Rhode Island Whites, Buckeyes, Chanteclers, Jersey Giants, Lamonas, New Hampshires, Hollands, Delawares
  2. Asiatic - Brahmas, Cochins, Langshans
  3. English - Dorkings, Redcaps, Cornish, Orpingtons, Sussex, Australorps
  4. Mediterranean - Leghorns, Minorcas, Spanish, Blue Andalusians, Anconas, Sicillian Buttercups, Catalanas
  5. Continental - Barnevelderes, Hamburgs, Campines, Lakenvelders, Welsummers, Polish, Houdans, Faverolles, Crevecoeurs, La Fleche
  6. All Other Varieties (any variety not listed above or not found in the Book of Standards)

 

Bantam Exhibition Poultry Classes:

  1. Game Bantams - Modern Games, Old English Games
  2. Single Comb Clean Legged Bantams - (other than game bantams) — Anconas, Andalusians, Australorps, Campines, Catalanas, Delawares, Dorkings, Dutch, Frizzles, Hollands, Japanese, Javas, Jersey Giants, Lakenvelders, Lamonas, Leghorns, Minorcas, Naked Necks, New Hampshires, Orpingtons, Phoenix, Plymouth Rocks, Rhode Island Reds, Spanish, Sussex, Welsummers
  3. Rose Comb Clean Legged Bantams - Anconas, Belgian Bearded d’Anvers, Dominiques, Dorkings, Hamburgs, Leghorns, Minorcas, Redcaps, Rhode Island Reds, Rhode Island Whites, Rosecombs, Serbrights, Wyandottes
  4. All Other Combs Clean Legged Bantams - Ameraucana, Araucanas, Buckeyes, Chanteclers, Cornish, Crevecoeurs, Cubulayas, Houdans, La Fleche, Malays, Polish, Shamos, Sicilian Buttercups, Sumatras, Yokohamas
  5. Feather Legged Bantams - Booted, Belgian Bearded d’Uccle, Brahmas, Cochins, Faverolles, Frizzles, Langshans, Silkies, Sultans
  6. All Other Varieties (any variety not listed above or not found in the Book of Standards)

EXAMPLES of How to Apply the Exhibition Poultry Rules:

 

Commercial Poultry rules:

  1. Each exhibitor must provide his own feed. Birds must be fed, and cages must be cleaned each day.
  2. Broiler and roaster classes shall consist of crossbreed and hybrid birds only.( the birds should match as much as possible) Egg production classes may consist of exhibition birds, crossbreed or hybrid birds.  Please note egg production classes shall consist of two birds near same type size and earlobe color. (The birds should match as much as possible) Both birds should be in full egg production
  3. Each exhibitor is limited to a total of 6 different pairs of birds from the 8 classes listed  ( total of 12 birds max). Choose only one pair (entry) for the  classes 13-20. You must limit yourself to 6 classes. The Egg Class you may bring one entry (six eggs) per each of the 3 different classes. See description of egg classes in #21 of the commercial poultry classes.  
  4. Each exhibitor may exhibit 1 pair of broilers and/or 1 pair of roasters.
  5. Each exhibitor may bring one of each type per class (a type refers to the age and sex of birds, a class refers to the “American Standard of Perfection” poultry classes). Commercial types and classes are further described at the end of this section. See examples of these rules described below.
  6. All birds, except Waterfowl, must be blood tested or have an NPIP certificate. Blood testing must be done by project superintendents or another certified tester approved by the 4-H Council. All birds or NPIP certificates must be brought to the fairgrounds or Extension Office on date designated by Superintendent.
  7. Broilers and Roasters must have NPIP certificates. NPIP certificates must be submitted to Extension Office or brought with birds at check-in day.
  8. Those missing the blood testing, without making prior arrangements with the superintendent, will have their exhibit dropped - NO EXCEPTIONS!
  9. For judging, special attention will be given to growth, development, and production qualities.
  10. Birds entered as broilers that are over 5 ½ pounds will be moved to roasters.
  11. Birds entered as roasters that are less than 5 ½ pounds will be moved to broilers.
  12. Birds weighing over 10 pounds will be downgraded 1 ribbon.
  13. Birds weighing less than 3 pounds will be downgraded 1 ribbon.

 

Description of Commercial Poultry Types:

 

Commercial Poultry Classes:

(Please note: Classes 1-4 shall consist of two birds of near same type, size, and earlobe color. Both birds must be in full egg production  - The birds should match as much as possible)

 

  1. Pen of Pullets Brown Egg Layers class
  2. Pen of Pullets White Egg Layers class
  3. Pen of Hens Brown Egg Layers class
  4. Pen of Hens White Egg Layers class
  5. Broilers class - broilers shall consist of two birds of the same sex and near equal weight
  6. Roasters class - roasters shall consist of two birds of the same sex and near equal weight
  7. Miscellaneous Birds and Wild Fowl class — exhibit a pair of birds such as pheasant, quail etc. An exception applies to guinea fowl and pigeons, which must be shown as single birds. No ratites (emus, ostriches, rheas) allowed. The “pair” needs to be one male and one female.
  1. Miscellaneous Birds and Wild Fowl Meat Pen class — see definition of birds in class above. *** NOTE: Some of these birds require federal permits from the DNR. Permits must be shown at entry time, and permit numbers will be recorded on pen card.
  2. Egg class - exhibit exactly 6 eggs from one hen per class. The hen must be in your possession by May 15th and blood tested. Bring eggs on the day of show. Individual egg classes are:

 

EXAMPLES of How to Apply the Commercial Poultry Rules:

 

4-H TURKEYS

LEVEL 1 - SCRATCHING THE SURFACE (grades 3-5). Choose one or more of the following

 

LEVEL 2 - TESTING YOUR WINGS (grades 6-8). Choose one or more of the following

 

LEVEL 3 - FLOCKING TOGETHER (grades 9-12). Choose one or more of the following

 

Project Rules:

  1. See 4-H General Rules for information on manual completion requirements.
  2. Members must be enrolled in the Turkey Project by May 15. Birds must be in your possession by May 15.
  3. Each exhibitor must provide his/her own feed. Birds must be fed, and cages must be cleaned each day.
  4. Each exhibitor is limited to a total of 6 single birds and 1 meat pen. Total max of 8 birds.
  5. Each exhibitor may only bring one type per class (a type refers to the age and sex of birds, a class refers to the ”American Standard of Perfection” turkey classes). Turkey types and classes are further described at the end of this section. See examples of these rules described below.
  6. All birds must be blood tested, or have an NPIP certificate.
  7. Blood testing must be done by project superintendents or another certified tester approved by the 4-H Council. All birds or NPIP certificates must be brought to the fairgrounds or Extension Office on date designated by Superintendent.
  8. Those missing the blood testing, without making prior arrangements with the Superintendent, will have their exhibit dropped one ribbon grade – NO EXCEPTIONS!

 

Exhibition Turkey Types:

(Please note: Young Birds are less than 1 year old on day of show. Old Birds are more than 1 year old on day of show)

 

Exhibition Turkey Classes:

  1. Bronze
  2. Naragansent
  3. White Holland (also referred to in commercial terminology as Broad Whites or Large Whites)
  4. Black
  5. Slate
  6. Bourbon Red
  7. Bettsville Small White
  8. Royal palm
  9. Meat Pen (2 birds, same sex, age 16-24 weeks)
  10. All Other Varieties (any variety not listed above or not found in the Book of Standards)

EXAMPLES of How to Apply the Turkey Project Rules:

 

4-H WATERFOWL

LEVEL 1 - SCRATCHING THE SURFACE (grades 3-5). Choose one or more of the following:

 

LEVEL 2 - TESTING YOUR WINGS (grades 6-8). Choose one or more of the following:

LEVEL 3 - FLOCKING TOGETHER (grades 9-12). Choose one or more of the following:

 

Project Rules:

  1. NO BLOOD TEST NEEDED
  2. See General 4-H Rules for information on manual completion requirements.
  3. Members must be enrolled in Waterfowl project by May 15. Birds must be in your possession by May 15.
  4. Each exhibitor must provide his/her own feed. Birds must be fed, and cages must be cleaned each day.
  5. For meat class, crossbred birds will be allowed.
  6. Each exhibitor may bring a total of 10 single ducks (standard + bantam) and 1 meat pen. Total max of 12 birds.
  7. Each exhibitor may bring a total of 6 single geese and 1 meat pen. Total max of 8 birds.
  8. Each exhibitor may bring one type per class (a type refers to the age and sex of birds, a class refers to the “American Standard of Perfection” duck and geese classes). Waterfowl types and classes are further described at the end of this section.
  9. Meat bird pens should be of equal weight or as close to same weight as possible.
  10. Meat ducks weighing under 4 pounds or over 8 pounds will be downgraded 1 ribbon.

 

Waterfowl Types:

(Please note: Young Birds are less than 1 year old on day of show. Old Birds are more than 1 year old on day of show)

 

Duck Types:

 

Duck Classes:

  1. Heavy Weight — Pekin, Aylesbury, Rouen, Muscovy
  2. Medium Weight — Cayuga, Crested, Swedish, Buff
  3. Light Weight — Runner, Campbell, Magpie
  4. Bantam Duck — Call, East Indie, Mallard
  5. All Other Varieties (any variety not listed above or not found in the Book of Standards)
  6. Meat Class — 2 large birds of same sex, 4-8 pounds each (should be close to same weight), hatched after January 1 of current year. Meat ducks weighing under 4 pounds or over 8 pounds will be downgraded 1 ribbon

 

Geese Types:

 

Geese Classes:

  1. Heavy Weight — Toulouse, Embden (Emden), African
  2. Medium Weight — Sebastopol, Pilgrim, American Buff, Saddleback Pomeranian
  3. Light Weight — Chinese, Tufted Roman, Canada, Egyption
  4. All Other Varieties (any variety not listed above or not found in the Book of Standards)
  5. Meat Class — 2 birds of same sex, (should be close to same weight), 6-24 weeks of age.

EXAMPLES of How to Apply the Waterfowl Project Rules:

 

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